Nepal at a Glance

Nepal, a landlocked nation in South Asia, is flanked by China to the north and India to the south, east, and west. Renowned for its breathtaking Himalayan landscapes, Nepal is home to eight of the world’s fourteen highest peaks, including Mount Everest, the tallest mountain on Earth. Beyond its natural beauty, Nepal boasts a rich cultural heritage, vibrant traditions, diverse ethnic groups, and historical temples and monasteries that date back centuries.

Nepal Travel Insurance

Securing comprehensive travel insurance is crucial when trekking in Nepal. A robust policy should cover:

  • High-Altitude Trekking: Coverage for altitudes typically up to 6,000 meters, or higher if you’re planning to summit peaks like Everest.
  • Medical Emergencies: Including hospital stays, doctor visits, and prescribed medications.
  • Helicopter Evacuation: Essential for emergencies in remote mountainous areas where ground transportation is not feasible.
  • Trip Cancellations and Delays: Due to weather, political unrest, or personal health issues.
  • Theft and Loss of Personal Belongings: Coverage for gear, electronics, and important documents.

Trekking Permits in Nepal

Trekking in Nepal requires various permits depending on the region:

  • TIMS (Trekkers’ Information Management System) Card: Mandatory for all trekkers except those in restricted areas. Available through trekking agencies or the Nepal Tourism Board.
  • Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP): Required for trekking in the Annapurna region.
  • Sagarmatha National Park Permit: Necessary for trekking in the Everest region.
  • Langtang National Park Permit: For trekking in the Langtang region.
  • Restricted Area Permits: Required for remote and sensitive areas like Upper Mustang, Upper Dolpo, and Manaslu. These permits often need to be arranged through a registered trekking agency.

Visa Information for Nepal

Tourists can obtain a visa on arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu and at various land border points. Visa types and fees are:

  • 15-Day Multiple Entry Visa: USD 30
  • 30-Day Multiple Entry Visa: USD 50
  • 90-Day Multiple Entry Visa: USD 125

Online visa applications are available through the Department of Immigration’s official website, allowing travelers to expedite the process upon arrival.

Best Season for Trekking in Nepal

Nepal experiences four main trekking seasons:

  • Autumn (September to November): Characterized by clear skies, moderate temperatures, and stable weather conditions, making it the peak season for trekking.
  • Spring (March to May): Known for blooming rhododendrons, warmer weather, and great visibility. Another excellent time for trekking.
  • Winter (December to February): Cold temperatures, especially at higher altitudes, with potential snowfall. Suitable for lower altitude treks like Ghorepani Poon Hill.
  • Monsoon (June to August): Heavy rainfall and leeches in lower altitudes, with cloudy and unstable weather. Less popular for trekking, but ideal for trekking in the rain-shadow areas like Upper Mustang and Dolpo.

Travel Gear for Trekking in Nepal


  • Base Layers: Moisture-wicking tops and bottoms.
  • Mid Layers: Insulating fleece or down jackets.
  • Outer Layers: Waterproof and windproof jackets and pants.
  • Additional Clothing: Thermal underwear, trekking trousers, t-shirts, and warm socks.


  • Trekking Boots: Sturdy, waterproof boots with good ankle support.
  • Camp Shoes: Lightweight shoes for wearing in lodges or camps.
  • Gaiters: To keep snow and debris out of your boots.


  • Headwear: Sun hat, beanie, and buff or scarf.
  • Gloves: Warm, insulated gloves and lightweight liners.
  • Sunglasses: UV protection for high altitudes.


  • Backpack: Durable and comfortable, 40-60 liters capacity for treks.
  • Sleeping Bag: Rated for temperatures of -10°C to -20°C depending on the season.
  • Trekking Poles: For stability and reducing strain on knees.


  • First Aid Kit: Including band-aids, antiseptic, pain relievers, blister treatments, and any personal medications.
  • Water Purification: Tablets, filters, or UV purifiers.
  • Headlamp: With extra batteries.
  • Personal Items: Toiletries, travel documents, maps, and guidebooks.

Altitude Sickness in Nepal


  • Mild: Headache, dizziness, nausea, fatigue, and shortness of breath.
  • Severe: Confusion, inability to walk, chest congestion, and fluid build-up in the lungs (HAPE) or brain (HACE).


  • Gradual Ascent: Do not rush, especially above 3,000 meters.
  • Hydration: Drink plenty of water.
  • Acclimatization: Take rest days to adapt to higher altitudes.
  • Medication: Acetazolamide (Diamox) can help prevent and treat symptoms.

Emergency Response

  • Descend Immediately: If symptoms worsen, descend to a lower altitude.
  • Seek Medical Help: Use emergency services or request a helicopter evacuation if necessary.

Emergency Numbers in Nepal

  • Emergency Services: 112
  • Police: 100
  • Fire Brigade: 101
  • Ambulance: 102
  • Tourist Police (Kathmandu): +977-1-4247041

Nepal Trade Association Information

  • Nepal Tourism Board (NTB): Provides information and support for tourists. Website:
  • Trekking Agencies’ Association of Nepal (TAAN): Represents trekking agencies, ensuring quality and safety in trekking services. Website:
  • Nepal Mountaineering Association (NMA): Manages climbing permits and promotes mountaineering activities. Website:

Embassies and Consulates in Nepal

Here are some key embassies in Kathmandu:

  • Embassy of the United States: Maharajgunj, Kathmandu. Phone: +977-1-423-4000
  • Embassy of India: Lainchaur, Kathmandu. Phone: +977-1-4410900
  • British Embassy: Lainchaur, Kathmandu. Phone: +977-1-4410583
  • Australian Embassy: Bansbari, Kathmandu. Phone: +977-1-4371678

Summit Mountains in Nepal

Notable Peaks

  • Mount Everest (8,848 meters): The highest mountain in the world.
  • Kanchenjunga (8,586 meters): The third highest mountain, located on the Nepal-India border.
  • Lhotse (8,516 meters): Adjacent to Everest, known for its challenging climbing routes.
  • Makalu (8,485 meters): Noted for its steep pitches and knife-edged ridges.
  • Cho Oyu (8,188 meters): Considered one of the easier 8,000-meter peaks to climb.

Expeditions in Nepal

Popular Treks

  • Everest Base Camp Trek: A challenging trek to the base of Mount Everest, offering stunning views and a chance to experience Sherpa culture.
  • Annapurna Circuit: Circles the Annapurna Massif, passing through diverse landscapes and cultural sites.
  • Manaslu Circuit: A less crowded alternative to the Annapurna Circuit, featuring spectacular mountain scenery and cultural diversity.
  • Langtang Valley Trek: Offers beautiful landscapes, unique Tamang culture, and stunning views of Langtang Lirung.
  • Upper Mustang Trek: A culturally rich trek in a rain-shadow area, known for its unique landscape and Tibetan-influenced culture.

Climbing Expeditions

  • Island Peak Climbing: Ideal for beginners looking to experience climbing at high altitudes.
  • Mera Peak Climbing: The highest trekking peak in Nepal, offering panoramic views of five 8,000-meter peaks.

Weather in Nepal

Regional Climate

  • Terai Region: Hot and humid summers with mild winters.
  • Hilly Region: Warm summers and cool winters, suitable for year-round travel.
  • Mountain Region: Cold with significant snowfall in winter, moderate temperatures in summer.

Seasonal Weather

  • Spring (March to May): Warm temperatures and blooming flora.
  • Summer/Monsoon (June to August): Heavy rains, especially in the lower regions.
  • Autumn (September to November): Clear skies and mild temperatures, ideal for trekking.
  • Winter (December to February): Cold, especially at higher elevations, with potential snow.


Trekking in Nepal is a life-changing experience, offering unparalleled natural beauty, cultural richness, and adventure. Ensure you’re well-prepared with the necessary permits, travel insurance, and gear. Stay informed about altitude sickness and emergency protocols. With proper planning and respect for local customs and nature, your trek in Nepal will be safe, enjoyable, and memorable.